Basic Characteristics of the Montessori Programmes


The Toddler Programme - Children 18 Months to 3 Years of Age

Growth in the Child Toward: 

  • The enjoyment of learning
  • The development of order, concentration, and control of movement
  • Skills in oral communication
  • Independence and problem solving
  • Respect for oneself and others
  • Responsible group awareness

Learning Environment

  • Diverse set of Montessori materials, activities, and experiences
  • Schedule that allows large blocks of uninterrupted learning time
  • Classroom atmosphere that encourages social interaction
  • Space for personal, small group, and whole class learning activities
  • Lightweight, proportionate, movable child-sized furnishing
  • Identifiable ground rules
  • Aesthetically pleasing environment
  • Outdoor space to accommodate rigorous physical activity

Programme Organization

  • Mixed-age groupings: 18 months to 3 years 
  • Parental commitment to a one-year cycle of attendance
  • Five-days per week (minimum daily three hour session recommended)
  • Personal and group instruction
  • Adult/child ratios meet local requirements
  • Observational records of the child
  • Regularly scheduled parent conferences
  • Public observation policy

Programme Emphasis

  • To encourage intrinsic motivation and spontaneous activity
  • To provide sensory education for intellectual development
  • To develop confidence and competencies through repetitive concrete exercises and experiences
  • To encourage co-operative learning through social interaction
  • To provide learning opportunities through physical activity and outdoor activity for small and gross motor development
  • To provide learning activities for creative expression

Adult Aspects

  • Certified Montessori teachers at the 18 month to 3 year level
  • Continuing professional development
  • Observational skills to match students' development needs with activities
  • Strategies to facilitate the unique and total growth of each individual
  • Leadership skills to foster a nurturing environment supportive of learning
  • A partnership developed with the family
  • Supervision and education of auxiliary classroom personnel

Administrative Support

  • Organized as a legally and fiscally responsible entity
  • Non-discriminatory admissions policy
  • Written educational policies and procedures
  • Adherence to provincial laws and health requirements
  • Current school affiliation with CCMA and other professional groups

The CCMA recognizes the support of the American Montessori Society (AMS) in the preparation of this outline of approved Montessori programmes. If you would like more information about the Montessori Method, please feel free to contact the CCMA.

 


The Preschool Programme - Children 2-1/2 to 6 Years of Age

Growth in the Child Toward: 

  • The enjoyment of learning
  • The development of order, concentration, and coordination
  • Skills in oral communication
  • Independence and problem solving
  • Responsible group membership
  • Respect for oneself, other people, and the planet

Learning Environment

  • Diverse set of Montessori materials, activities, and experiences
  • Schedule that allows large blocks of uninterrupted learning time
  • Classroom atmosphere that encourages social interaction
  • Space for personal, small group, and whole class learning activities
  • Lightweight, proportionate, movable child-sized furnishing
  • Identifiable ground rules
  • Aesthetically pleasing environment
  • Outdoor space to accommodate rigorous physical activity

Programme Organization

  • Mixed-age groupings:  2-1/2 to 6 years 
  • Parental commitment to a three-year cycle of attendance
  • Five-days per week (minimum daily three hour session recommended)
  • Personal and group instruction
  • Adult/child ratios meet local requirements
  • Observational records of the child
  • Regularly scheduled parent conferences
  • Public observation policy

Programme Emphasis

  • To encourage intrinsic motivation, spontaneous activity, and self-education
  • To provide sensory education for intellectual development
  • To develop competencies through repetitive concrete experiences
  • To encourage co-operative learning through peer teaching and social interaction
  • To provide learning opportunities through physical and outdoor activity
  • To provide learning activities for creative expression

Adult Aspects

  • Certified Montessori teachers at the 2-1/2 to 6 year level
  • Continuing professional development
  • Observational skills to match students' development needs with activities
  • Strategies to facilitate the unique and total growth of each individual
  • Leadership skills to foster a nurturing environment supportive of learning
  • A partnership developed with the family
  • Supervision and education of auxiliary classroom personnel

Administrative Support

  • Organized as a legally and fiscally responsible entity
  • Non-discriminatory admissions policy
  • Written educational policies and procedures
  • Adherence to provincial laws and health requirements
  • Current school affiliation with CCMA and other professional groups

The CCMA recognizes the support of the American Montessori Society (AMS) in the preparation of this outline of approved Montessori programmes. If you would like more information about the Montessori Method, please feel free to contact the CCMA.

 


The Elementary Programme
- School-Age Children 6 to 12 Years of Age

Growth in the Child Toward: 

  • The enjoyment of learning
  • Greater independence and problem solving
  • Greater skills in oral and written communication
  • Greater responsible group membership
  • A mature sense of justice and fairness
  • Respect for oneself, other people, and the planet
  • Understanding the patterns of the Universe

Learning Environment

  • Diverse set of Montessori materials, activities, and experiences
  • Schedule that allows large blocks of uninterrupted learning time
  • Classroom atmosphere that encourages social interaction
  • Space for personal, small group, and whole class learning activities
  • Integrated curriculum including areas of exploration
  • Available library with resource books and multi-media equipment

Identifiable ground rules

  • Aesthetically pleasing environment
  • Outdoor space to accommodate rigorous physical activity
  • Program Organization
  • Mixed-age groupings:  6 to 9 years and 9 to 12 years 
  • Parental commitment to a three-year cycle of attendance
  • Admission policy of prior Montessori experience preferred
  • Adult/child ratios meet local requirements
  • A record keeping system
  • Personal and group instruction
  • Regularly scheduled parent and child conferences
  • Diagnostic (standardized) testing periodically
  • Public observation policy

Programme Emphasis

  • To encourage intrinsic motivation, spontaneous activity, and self-education
  • To encourage cooperative learning through peer teaching and social interaction
  • To encourage growth in cultural experiences and knowledge
  • To encourage competencies through repetitive experiences
  • To foster the development of the imagination and creativity
  • To provide learning activities through physical and outdoor activity

Adult Aspects

  • Certified Montessori teachers at the elementary level
  • Continuing professional development
  • Observational skills to match students' development needs with activities
  • Strategies to facilitate the unique and total growth of each individual
  • Leadership skills to foster a nurturing environment supportive of learning
  • A partnership developed with the family
  • Supervision and education of auxiliary classroom personnel

Administrative Support

  • Organized as a legally and fiscally responsible entity
  • Non-discriminatory admissions policy
  • Written educational policies and procedures
  • Adherence to provincial laws and health requirements
  • Current school affiliation with CCMA and other professional groups
  • The Montessori Junior High-Adolescent Programme 
  • Children 11 to 13 Years Old

The CCMA recognizes the support of the American Montessori Society (AMS) in the preparation of this outline of approved Montessori programmes. If you would like more information about the Montessori Method, please feel free to contact the CCMA.


The Montessori Junior High - Adolescent Programme
-
Children 11 to 14 Years of Age

Characteristics of the Junior High Programme

As in all Montessori programmes, the Junior High programme is specifically designed to meet the needs of 12 to 14 year old child. Quite different in needs from Elementary children, the adolescents are beginning to emerge into adulthood as they:

- Are reaching physical maturity
- Have tremendous capacity for creativity and self-expression
- Desire to start joining society as a contributing member
- Struggle with the uncertainties of readiness and impulsiveness
- Are unconsciously inward looking Searching for trust and role models, while challenged by offering it to each other
- Are evaluating commitment
- Are vulnerable and sensitive

The programme builds on the curricular areas of Language (Grammar, Reading and Writing), Mathematics, Science (Biology, Chemistry and Physics), Geography, History, French, Music, Visual Arts and Physical Education. As with the Elementary program, more challenging and wide ranging activities further supplement Junior High related to community engagement, independence and global understanding.

The Adolescent/Junior High curriculum continues to be intellectually challenging and meets the individual needs of each student. It also prepares the student for the transition into other forms and types of education with confidence. The programme gives them opportunities to try many roles on for size. They develop competence in a variety of areas, including learning more about traditional forms of academic assessment and lesson delivery (how to learn in a lecture environment and how to take tests), look at career options and high school choices, and develop a sense of confidence about the person they are becoming. The programme is specifically developed to teach students to manage the level of responsibility that is critical as they move into High School and post secondary education. The students share a large part of the responsibility for everything in the Junior High programme.

The opportunities to solve problems build confidence to face the many challenges of the future. Students emerge confident, creative and divergent in their thinking, socially responsible and adept, and highly motivated.

CCMA would like to thank the Montessori Academy of London for this outline of the Montessori Junior High programme. If you would like more information about the Montessori Method, please feel free to contact the CCMA.